Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Exploring virgin cave passage

As I mentioned previously, last weekend I was in West Virginia exploring and surveying some newly discovered cave passages. These pictures, taken by Nikki Fox, will give you a flavor of what it is like to visit a place never before seen by human eyes.

Bob surveying

Here I am, trying to sketch the final section of a clean, generally dry flowstone and bedrock passage. Trust me, it isn’t easy drawing a place that your body almost fills.

The lead where this virgin passage began had been known for decades, but had never been entered because it was an opening seventy feet up on the wall in the cave’s largest room. On June 19, 2010, John Harman, Aaron Moses, and Pete Johnson used drills and climbing equipment to bolt their way to this lead, first climbing 70 feet and then rigging a 20 foot traverse across a very narrow and steeply sloping ledge to reach the passage itself. They then surveyed about three hundred feet of large walking passage, stopping only because they ran out of time.

Our trip on July 17 was to continue the survey and exploration. Here we see John Harman as he crosses the traverse.

John Harman on the traverse

The survey continued in large and impressive passage, though we had to do 15 and 10 foot climbs past two small waterfalls to reach some of the back passages. Here, Pete Johnson stands in one of the larger passages.

Pete Johnson in passage

One more picture, of John Harman standing in front of a double helix speleothem.

John Harman, Double Helix

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