Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Ramping down from solar maximum

Yesterday, despite the government shutdown, NOAA posted its monthly update of the solar cycle, and as I do every month, I am posting it here, below the fold, with annotations.

My interpretation of this data tells me that almost certainly the solar maximum has ended. We might see some later fluctuations whereby the sunspot number jumps, but the Sun is clearly beginning its ramp down to solar minimum.

September Solar Cycle graph

The graph above has been modified to show the predictions of the solar science community. The green curves show the community’s two original predictions from April 2007, with half the scientists predicting a very strong maximum and half predicting a weak one. The red curve is their revised May 2009 prediction.

After two months of wimpy increases in sunspots, the sunspot count has now dropped to its lowest number since early 2012. See also this story from the solar physics research department of the Royal Observatory of Belgium., describing the quietness of the Sun during September.

As I said, it appears the solar maximum has ended. The only question now is how long and deep the upcoming solar minimum will be.

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4 comments

  • joe

    I feel winter coming on, and its going to long and hard winter!

  • Chris Kirkendall

    Wow – as Solar Maximums go, this one was pretty puny. Probably means we’ll see some slightly cooler than normal temps, but who knows? The Sun can be unpredictable, and it still amazes me that the Global Warming alarmists totally ignore the Sun’s output in any of their calculations. It’s the sole source of heat & light for us – if it winked out tomorrrow, Earth would be totally frozen over in a few weeks, so to make their predicitons about warming or climate change without taking into account the single biggest driver of our climate is just plain dumb.

    Oh well – I usually look forward to Solar Max’s & increased sunspot activitiy because solar flares can result in some nice Auroral displays, so it might be some time before we see another decent one…

  • wodun

    This is fairly exciting. Pretty cool to be witnessing history.

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