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Science vs religion

The anthropologist who led the research into the Kennewick Man skeleton found in the Columbia Valley presented his research to Indian tribal leaders yesterday.

First the science:

While Owsley has said in the past that Kennewick Man is not of Native-American descent, he said here for the first time that he believed the man was not even from this area. Isotopes in the bones told scientists Kennewick Man was a hunter of marine mammals, such as seals, Owsley said. “They are not what you would expect for someone from the Columbia Valley,” he said. “You would have to eat salmon 24 hours a day and you would not reach these values. “This is a man from the coast, not a man from here. I think he is a coastal man.”

Now the religion:

Tribal members listened for hours to Owsley’s highly detailed presentation, but it did not budge their conviction that Kennewick Man is a part of their people’s past — and needs to be reburied.

I respect these American Indians for wanting to bury this skeleton properly and with honor. However, there is also a power play going on here. By claiming rights to this skeleton, which the evidence very strongly shows does not come from their past, they work to extend their power and control over all things ancient in North America. The original Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was not intended to do this, only to protect those skeletons directly related to past American Indian history.

In many ways, the battle over Kennewick Man illustrates the dangers of passing a law merely for good intentions. With good intentions, NAGPRA was written to return back to the American Indian tribes some control over their ancient past. The unintended consequences however have been to squelch scientific research of that past. For example, when I first visited Chaco Canyon in New Mexico in 1988 there was a great deal of information displayed there about the discoveries of skeletons in the ruins, discoveries that shed a great deal of light on the history and culture of that now lost civilization. When I returned in 2006, all that information was gone, disappearing into the memory hole created by the local tribal councils, which under NAGPRA had reclaimed those skeletons and apparently insisted that all mention of them be removed.

Similarly, with Kennewick Man the northwest tribes have tried to use the law to hinder and even prevent further research.

A respectful burial of Kennewick Man seems perfectly reasonable to me. In fact, in this matter I am in agreement with the Indians. Having the skeleton on display seems coarse and savage. Nonetheless, that respect should not prevent the very important scientific research necessary to learn everything we can about that skeleton. We do autopsies, do we not, when there are important questions relating to the body?

Pioneer cover

From the press release: From the moment he is handed a possibility of making the first alien contact, Saunders Maxwell decides he will do it, even if doing so takes him through hell and back.

Unfortunately, that is exactly where that journey takes him.

The vision that Zimmerman paints of vibrant human colonies on the Moon, Mars, the asteroids, and beyond, indomitably fighting the harsh lifeless environment of space to build new societies, captures perfectly the emerging space race we see today.

He also captures in Pioneer the heart of the human spirit, willing to push forward no matter the odds, no matter the cost. It is that spirit that will make the exploration of the heavens possible, forever, into the never-ending future.

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One comment

  • Joseph

    I would think the First Nations people would be curious about their own past. I guess they are not. NAGPRA gives them power to re-bury their own ancestors. But they are abusing that power like the Taliban who blew up the Buddha’s at Bamyan. Erasing a past that they do not want to acknowledege ever existed. The first nations people are abusing their power in their attempt to rewrite history. For all their good intentions, the politicians who passed NAGPRA and the Judges who enforce it know little or nothing about archeology or anthropology. Humanity has a greater right to know how North America was populated than the First Nations people have the right to bury the evidence. The population of North America is the story of all humanity, not just a story the First Nations people should be able to hide for their own political purposes. The truth wants to be free. The truth would raise the status of the First Nation people in the end as important players in the story of humanity.

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