Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


A breakthrough in creating fusion power?

A privately funded company has successfully kept a ball of superheated gas stable for a record time, 5 milliseconds, putting them closer to producing fusion power.

“They’ve succeeded finally in achieving a lifetime limited only by the power available to the system,” says particle physicist Burton Richter of Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who sits on a board of advisers to Tri Alpha. If the company’s scientists can scale the technique up to longer times and higher temperatures, they will reach a stage at which atomic nuclei in the gas collide forcefully enough to fuse together, releasing energy.

Although other startup companies are also trying to achieve fusion using similar methods, the main efforts in this field are huge government-funded projects such as the $20 billion International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), under construction in France by an international collaboration, and the U.S. Department of Energy’s $4 billion National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, California. But the burgeoning cost and complexity of such projects are causing many to doubt they will ever produce plants that can generate energy at an affordable cost.

Tri Alpha’s and similar efforts take a different approach, which promises simpler, cheaper machines that can be developed more quickly. Importantly, the Tri Alpha machine may be able to operate with a different fuel than most other fusion reactors. This fuel—a mix of hydrogen and boron—is harder to react, but Tri Alpha researchers say it avoids many of the problems likely to confront conventional fusion power plants. “They are where they are because people are able to believe they can get a [hydrogen-boron] reactor to work,” says plasma physicist David Hammer of Cornell University, also a Tri Alpha adviser.

The article does not say how much this success cost the privately-funded Tri Alpha, but it certainly wasn’t in the billions of dollars. Yet, it appears that in less than a decade they have accomplished more than all these big government-funded projects have in the past half century, and for less money.

Does that story sound familiar?

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3 comments

  • Cotour

    Talk about fantasies. I would tend to believe that the Ecat was a more viable and achievable technology refinement, and it probably has more of a track record of successful, documented actual production of excess power. Fusion seems more like the cure for cancer to me, lots and lots of very, very big money, lots of very high salaries at what cost per watt produced? Forget about short term cost per watt but even long term cost per watt.

    Keep working on it but I would tend to think the realization of power from fusion is a long way down the road.

  • Edward

    I have been hearing for the past four decades that fusion power is only three decades away.

    Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works also thinks that they will produce fusion power in a compact size.
    http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/compact-fusion.html

    Although both companies (and any others that may be working on fusion power) are working off of the technologies that were developed at the national labs, it seems to me that the private sector is more committed to developing profitable, useful fusion power than the national labs are.

  • Cotour

    Its encouraging (?) to know that the Skunk Works is involved in this, I assume spending government money, but by their own admission they are at least 10 to 20 years from commercialization. But you also get the impression that they are not 100% sure it is doable but are willing to investigate / spend a lot of money to find out.

    Every long journey begins with the first step but this journey seems to continuously be made longer and longer. And do we really possess the level of technology at this point in time to make it a reality? I suppose to answer that question you are going to have to monkey around with it.

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