Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

A star that shoots cosmic rays

New data from the space telescope NuSTAR suggests that the giant star Eta Carina, expected to be a supernova sometime in the future, emits cosmic rays, some of which reach the Earth.

The cosmic rays are produced by shock waves resulting from the clash between the intense solar winds of the system’s two stars.

Go to the link to see a truly beautiful image of this star system. You will immediately see that it is a system exploding.


Please consider donating to Behind the Black, by giving either a one-time contribution or a regular subscription, as outlined in the tip jar below. Your support will allow me to continue covering science and culture as I have for the past twenty years, independent and free from any outside influence.

Your support is even more essential to me because I keep this site free from advertisements and do not participate in corrupt social media companies like Google, Twitter, and Facebook. I depend wholly on the direct support of my readers.

You can provide that support to Behind The Black with a contribution via Patreon or PayPal. To use Patreon, go to my website there and pick one of five monthly subscription amounts, or by making a one-time donation. For PayPal click one of the following buttons:


Or with a subscription with regular donations from your Paypal or credit card account:


If Patreon or Paypal don't work for you, you can support Behind The Black directly by sending your donation by check, payable to Robert Zimmerman, to

Behind The Black
c/o Robert Zimmerman
P.O.Box 1262
Cortaro, AZ 85652


  • Max

    Beautiful picture, interesting story. I think they made a few mistakes when referring to starlight (electrons) being accelerated to the speed of light. (Electrons already travel at the speed of light) They must of been talking about heavier particles like protons.
    If I pretend to know what is happening, I would say that the two massive stars share an intense magnetic field. (think of a very awkward but effective particle Excelerator)
    On our Sun, strong magnetic field’s force light in them to climb to ultra violet strength to escape the resistance field. (we do this every day using strong magnetic field making electron beams into UV light which is how the tube type TVs work)
    To our eyes it appears as a dark spot on the Sun when it is actually the brightest, most energetic light our Sun can produce. Our eyes are unable to see light in the UV and in x-ray range making sunspots “just look dark”.
    Magnetic fields like to twist until they explode and collapse. Now imagine two super massive stars with shared magnetic fields because of their close proximity (140 million miles, like the Martian orbit) The binary magnetic field’s taking on a repulsive then attractive force while the sun’s spinning motion causes the magnetic field’s to twist and snap with unheard of explosive energy that rivals a supernova looking like an hour glass.
    At the moment the magnetic field collapses, an electrical discharge between different potential’s, a massive lightning bolt, will heat up and accelerate atoms through the magnetic fields gaseous remains throwing off energetic particles like a particle excelerator.
    My point is, this is a good explanation, yet unverified, of where cosmic rays come from. Light from other stars being accelerated is unnecessary since both of the super massive stars have more than enough electrons and light that originate from that source.

  • Max

    I forgot to add a link to a picture that claims to be the first one of a planet orbiting a star.
    More massive than Jupiter at the orbiting distance of Uranus.
    It appears to me to be a binary star system with similar problems like the above article, just less energy involved.

Readers: the rules for commenting!


No registration is required. I welcome all opinions, even those that strongly criticize my commentary.


However, name-calling and obscenities will not be tolerated. First time offenders who are new to the site will be warned. Second time offenders or first time offenders who have been here awhile will be suspended for a week. After that, I will ban you. Period.


Note also that first time commenters as well as any comment with more than one link will be placed in moderation for my approval. Be patient, I will get to it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *