The final week of my annual February birthday month fund-raising campaign for Behind the Black has begun. I continue to be overwhelmed by the outpouring of support, including numerous donations and a surge of new subscribers willing to commit to donating anywhere from $2 to $25 per month. Wow! The numbers are too many to send out individual thank you’s, so please forgive me for thanking you all with this one announcement.


The campaign however must go on, especially because I have added more regular features to my daily workload. In addition to my daily never-ending reporting on space exploration and science, my regular launch reports, my monthly sunspot updates, the regular cool images, and the evening pauses I post each evening, I have now added a daily weekday post I have entitled "Today's blacklisted American." Its goal is not to discuss policy or politics, but to note the endless examples occurring across the United States where some jack-booted thug or thugs think it is proper and acceptable to censor, blackball, cancel, and destroy an innocent American, merely because that American has expressed or holds an opinion or is of a race or religion that is no longer considered acceptable to the dominant leftist and bigoted culture. I want to make clear to every American that a large number of your fellow citizens no longer believe in the enlightened concept of freedom of speech or the idea of treating each person by the quality of their character.


Instead, they wish to shut you up, and oppress you if you happen to disagree with them or have the wrong skin color. This evil must be exposed.


To continue to do this into the foreseeable future however I need your support. If you are one of those millions who read Behind the Black each month, please consider donating or subscribing. Regular readers can support Behind The Black with a contribution via paypal:

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Certain microbes survive in clean rooms by eating the cleaning fluids

Researchers have found that the reason certain microbes seem to survive in all spacecraft clean rooms is that those microbes actually live off the very cleaning fluids used to scrub the rooms.

Despite extensive cleaning procedures, however, molecular genetic analyses show that the clean rooms harbor a diverse collection of microorganisms, or a spacecraft microbiome, that includes bacteria, archaea and fungi, explained Mogul. The Acinetobacter, a genus of bacteria, are among the dominant members of the spacecraft microbiome.

To figure out how the spacecraft microbiome survives in the cleanroom facilities, the research team analyzed several Acinetobacter strains that were originally isolated from the Mars Odyssey and Phoenix spacecraft facilities.

They found that under very nutrient-restricted conditions, most of the tested strains grew on and biodegraded the cleaning agents used during spacecraft assembly. The work showed that cultures grew on ethyl alcohol as a sole carbon source while displaying reasonable tolerances towards oxidative stress. This is important since oxidative stress is associated with desiccating and high radiation environments similar to Mars.

The tested strains were also able to biodegrade isopropyl alcohol and Kleenol 30, two other cleaning agents commonly used, with these products potentially serving as energy sources for the microbiome.

With this information, the space engineering community will be able to refine their clean room operations to eliminate these microbes so as to better sterilize spacecraft heading on life-seeking missions.

Pioneer cover

From the press release: From the moment he is handed a possibility of making the first alien contact, Saunders Maxwell decides he will do it, even if doing so takes him through hell and back.

Unfortunately, that is exactly where that journey takes him.

The vision that Zimmerman paints of vibrant human colonies on the Moon, Mars, the asteroids, and beyond, indomitably fighting the harsh lifeless environment of space to build new societies, captures perfectly the emerging space race we see today.

He also captures in Pioneer the heart of the human spirit, willing to push forward no matter the odds, no matter the cost. It is that spirit that will make the exploration of the heavens possible, forever, into the never-ending future.

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at amazon, Barnes & Noble, all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit.


  • pzatchok

    We ARE going to contaminate other planets with all kinds of microbes. It will happen.

    Science believes that planets and moons have exchanged material in the recent past. So if they exchanged material why not life forms?

    By accepting this we must accept that ALL bodies in our solar system are already contaminated.
    This present search for microbial life is a waste of money and time. We will find it and find out it is similar to stuff on Earth. Then we will find out we contaminated the area just by landing and sampling.

    I can understand clean but seriously, sometimes it gets a bit exacting.
    Another million dollar study of something that have never effected spaceflight before and may never effect it for 100 years or more.

    By making these areas antiseptically clean we are creating an environment for a new extremophile to evolve and grow that might eventually lead to the deaths of astronauts isolated in space. Or even one that eventually ends up eating the very stuff the craft are made of, like plastic.

    Heck the food industry isn’t this strict and peoples lives are directly impacted. Daily.

  • Mike Borgelt

    Once life gets going on a nice sterile ball of rock and mud there is no stopping it. Stuff goes to all sorts of lengths to reproduce including developing higher life forms, intelligence and the ability to spread throughout the universe.

  • Robert Pratt

    Life! So robust and get still unique and precious.

  • Max

    Spread throughout the universe? With even the military releasing movies of UFO’s doing strange things, it’s entirely possible that this scenario has been occurring for millions of years.
    This could make all life forms genetically similar from the same batch source. If not, a visitor could quite accidentally release a pathogen that would sterilize this world.
    (This scenario has been the theme of dozens of books and movies. Even Star Trek the next generation had an episode detailing The spreading of life from a single source when the galaxy was young by a race that wish to terraform every planet they came across)

  • Alex Andrite

    Please note, that a similar ‘contamination’ issue of “surgical” clean rooms, containing a “diverse collection of microorganisms”, has occurred due to and during our rapid evacuation of wounded soldiers from middle eastern battle fields, sterile clean room, hospitals in the middle east, across and through Europe to State side hospitals. Walter Reed exactly.
    The ‘contamination’ was of a “diverse collection of microorganisms” not seen before in the States, and was very compatible living within the sterile environments found here. No mutants have been found so far. (sorry, I could not resist).
    Forgive me please for a lack of references, this subject was published a couple of years ago, and intrigued me, and it was a major subject for review at Walter Reed, along with all of the transportation methods and routes associated with same.
    Perhaps no news is good news regarding this instance.

  • Localfluff

    Carbonless antibiotics sounds like a good idea. I bet there are microbes that would eat diamond if they had to as a source of coal.

  • Jwing

    Newsflash: Life is dirty.

    Without bacteria in every niche, life as we know it would not be possible.
    We require bacteria living symbiotically in our guts in order to break down nutrients and provide us with essential vitamins.
    Without bacteria, nothing would decay, nothing would return to basic building blocks.
    Bacteria are entropy’s necessary helpers.
    Thanks to enteric bacteria, our feces is brown instead of bile green!

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