Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Navy relieves two officers in charge during ship collision

The U.S. Navy has removed two officers who were in charge on the U.S.S. John S. McCain when it collided with a merchant ship in August.

The McCain’s commanding officer, Cmdr. Alfredo J. Sanchez, and executive officer, Cmdr. Jessie L. Sanchez, were “relieved due to a loss of confidence,” according to statement from the US 7th Fleet in Yokosuka, Japan, the ship’s home port. “While the investigation is ongoing, it is evident the collision was preventable, the commanding officer exercised poor judgment, and the executive officer exercised poor leadership of the ship’s training program,” the statement said.

Both officers were assigned to other duties in Japan.

The story also quotes the Navy Secretary saying that this is part of a more comprehensive investigation, resulting from the spat of collisions and other ship disasters in recent months.


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  • Garry

    The only surprise is how long it took. As I’ve written before, the Navy always finds a scapegoat, so these reassignments are not necessarily an indicator that these officers were the main culprits.

    I wonder what else they are doing to identify the scope of the problem and design remedies.

  • LocalFluff

    Are the two Sanchez commodores married?
    Not a good idea to mix professional war fighting with family.

  • Commodude

    Completely unrelated.

    Pics of the commanders in the above article.

    I’m honestly surprised it took the Navy this long to relieve those in immediate command.

  • Kirk

    LocalFluff, that’s Commander (rank O-5, which I though was more properly abbreviated CDR than Cmdr., but perhaps I am out of date), not Commodore (no longer a rank in the USN, but an honorary title for senior Captains in charge ship squadrons).

    Both the CO and XO are from Puerto Rico, but I’ve not found any indication that they are related. Sanchez is the fifth most common name in Spain and the eighth most common name among US Hispanics, so it’s most likely a coincidence.

    Interestingly, the XO, a mustang, is roughly five years older than his CO. The CO, CDR Alfredo J. Sanchez, got his BS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Puerto Rico in 1997, and was commissioned via OCS the following year. The XO, CDR Jessie L. Sanchez, did his last year of high school in Tennessee, graduating in 1989 and enlisting in the Navy later that year. He became a Fire Control Technician and received his commission via the Limited Duty Officer Program (Surface Ordnance) in 2001.

    Their entries are still up on the USS McCain biography pages:

  • Garry

    Sometime in the mid 80’s, the Navy changed the name of an O-7 from “Commodore” to “Rear Admiral, Lower Half” and the name of an O-8 from “Rear Admiral” (O-8) to “Rear Admiral Upper Half.”

    Apparently, some of the Navy O=7’s were envious that their equivalents in the other services (Brigadier Generals) were referred to as “General,” but they were not referred to as “Admiral.”

    Or maybe that was the cover story, and they were tired of being confused with members of Lionel Ritchie’s band.

    I can’t imagine how many man-hours and millions of dollars went into making that very trivial change.

  • wayne

    so, are they married or what? (ha)
    good stuff.

    Gilligan’s Island original intro

  • Commodude


    It was probably far, far cheaper than Gen. Shinseki’s orders changing the entire US Army over to jaunty chapeax instead of utilitarian BDU caps, and had less of an impact. (positive or negative. There was almost no one in the US Army who was happy with that change other than the social engineers pushing it)

  • Garry

    I always liked the expression “rock painting” to describe such actions in the military.

    The command post has rocks on display. A new commander comes in, and decides that the quickest way to assert his independence of mind is to have the rocks painted a new color. Instead of marksmanship training, or maintenance, or any of thousands of other useful things the troops could be doing, they’re painting the rocks a different color. It became shorthand for any petty action that wastes valuable resources (particularly time).

    I don’t miss rock painters at all.

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