Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Nearly 400 medical procedures found to be ineffective

The uncertainty of science: A new review of the science literature has found almost 400 studies showing the ineffectiveness of the medical procedure or device they were studying.

The findings are based on more than 15 years of randomised controlled trials, a type of research that aims to reduce bias when testing new treatments. Across 3,000 articles in three leading medical journals from the UK and the US, the authors found 396 reversals.

While these were found in every medical discipline, cardiovascular disease was by far the most commonly represented category, at 20 percent; it was followed by preventative medicine and critical care. Taken together, it appears that medication was the most common reversal at 33 percent; procedures came in second at 20 percent, and vitamins and supplements came in third at 13 percent.

A reversal means that the study found the procedure, device, or medicine to be ineffective.

If you have medical issues it is worth reviewing the research itself. You might find that some of the medical treatment you are getting is irrelevant, and could be discontinued.

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3 comments

  • fred

    I’m not terribly surprised.

    I do wonder if the premise that the “procedure” or “medicine” would be either a binary choice of “effective” or “ineffective”. There’s very likely a third category where a medical intervention is useful in some patients or in some circumstances.

  • Andi

    And probably a fourth category where the intervention is harmful to the patient or exacerbate the condition.

  • wayne

    Only had a chance to briefly skim the list of procedures/med-interventions, but this is highly interesting and highlights the factoid we expend a lot of scarce resources on stuff that may or may not be efficacious.
    What I’m seeing/feeling (on first glance)– we have a hard time (in general) measuring certain effects for certain procedures/medications, much less understanding the underlying substrates of the disease-process going on.
    –Never underestimate the “placebo effect,” because for the person who is responding, those are real honest-to-God effects. Similarly on a different scale, all ‘drug effects’ are main effects, however linguistically, we like to create a false (binary) choice between main-effects and side-effects.
    (i’d just opine tangentially– antibiotics for example, they either work or they don’t. Pyscho-active type medications, — it starts to be difficult to objectively measure complex effects and attribute what forces are really in play, and why.
    anyway— great find Mr. Z! (this is deeper than it appears on it’s face)

    Fred/Andi-
    Most excellent points!

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