Scroll down to read this post.


My February birthday fund-raising campaign for Behind the Black it now over. I sincerely and with deep gratitude thank all those who donated. Without your support I could not keep doing this, not so much because of the need for income to pay the bills, but because it tells me that there are people out there who want me to do this work. For those who did not contribute during the campaign, please consider adding your vote of support to Behind the Black, by giving either a one-time contribution or a regular subscription, in any one of the following ways:


1. Zelle: This is the only internet method that charges no fees. All you have to do is use the Zelle link at your internet bank and give my name and email address (zimmerman at nasw dot org). What you donate is what I get.


2. Donate through Gabpay, using my email address zimmerman @ nasw dot org.

3. Patreon: Go to my website there and pick one of five monthly subscription amounts, or by making a one-time donation.

4. A Paypal Donation:

4. A Paypal subscription:

5. Donate by check, payable to Robert Zimmerman and mailed to
Behind The Black
c/o Robert Zimmerman
P.O.Box 1262
Cortaro, AZ 85652

New evidence: dark energy might not exist

The uncertainty of science: New evidence once again suggests that the assumptions that resulted in the invention of dark energy in the late 1990s might have been in error, and that dark energy simply might not exist.

New observations and analysis made by a team of astronomers at Yonsei University (Seoul, South Korea), together with their collaborators at Lyon University and KASI, show, however, that this key assumption is most likely in error. The team has performed very high-quality (signal-to-noise ratio ~175) spectroscopic observations to cover most of the reported nearby early-type host galaxies of SN Ia, from which they obtained the most direct and reliable measurements of population ages for these host galaxies. They find a significant correlation between SN luminosity and stellar population age at a 99.5% confidence level. As such, this is the most direct and stringent test ever made for the luminosity evolution of SN Ia. Since SN progenitors in host galaxies are getting younger with redshift (look-back time), this result inevitably indicates a serious systematic bias with redshift in SN cosmology. Taken at face values, the luminosity evolution of SN is significant enough to question the very existence of dark energy. When the luminosity evolution of SN is properly taken into account, the team found that the evidence for the existence of dark energy simply goes away.

…Other cosmological probes, such as CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background) and BAO (Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations), are also known to provide some indirect and “circumstantial” evidence for dark energy, but it was recently suggested that CMB from Planck mission no longer supports the concordance cosmological model which may require new physics. Some investigators have also shown that BAO and other low-redshift cosmological probes can be consistent with a non-accelerating universe without dark energy. In this respect, the present result showing the luminosity evolution mimicking dark energy in SN cosmology is crucial and is very timely.

There was also this story from early December, also raising questions about the existence of dark energy.

Bottom line: The data that suggested dark energy’s existence was always shallow with many assumptions and large margins of uncertainty. This research only underlines that fact, a fact that many cosmologists have frequently tried to sweep under the rug.

Dark energy still might exist, but it behooves scientists to look coldly at the data and always recognize its weaknesses. It appears in terms of dark energy the cosomological community is finally beginning to do so.

Conscious Choice cover

Now available in hardback and paperback as well as ebook!


From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


All editions are available at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all book vendors, with the ebook priced at $5.99 before discount. The ebook can also be purchased direct from my ebook publisher, ebookit, in which case you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Autographed printed copies are also available at discount directly from me (hardback $24.95; paperback $14.95; Shipping cost for either: $5.00). Just email me at zimmerman @ nasw dot org.


  • Phill O

    Sounds interesting for sure. I had indicated something to the effect of the underlying assumptions might be wrong.

    The short is, theories at the edge of knowledge change over time. Consider Linus Pauling winning the Nobel prize in chemistry for his valence bond theory which is now supplanted by molecular orbital theory.

    Dark matter too?

  • pzatchok

    I have always believed we live in a closed universe. Recurring oscillations of expansion and contraction.

    I remember reading about a string theory proposal that when two dimensions touched each other that was the point that a new ‘big bang’ happened.
    But it never explained what would happen if the next touch(big bang) happened relatively close to another one.

    If there have been other big bangs then we should see the evidence. Matter passing back through this area at least.

  • Lee S

    I can only agree Phill O,
    As I’ve mentioned here before, dark matter/energy were originally only intended as place holders, and ended up as gospel truth.
    When cosmologies find something they can’t explain, to decide on a theory that it must be due to something that is invisible and essentially undetectable seems like pretty poor explanations to me.
    It’s heartening to know there are people that are actively working on different theories to explain what we believe to be anomalies in the standard model.

  • wayne

    I’d be interested in what you think of ‘Conformal Cyclic Cosmology,’ as proposed by Roger Penrose.
    (one of the few theories that doesn’t violate the laws of thermodynamics)

    “Aeons before the Big Bang”
    Conformal Cyclic Cosmology
    Dr. Roger Penrose (master of the overhead projector)
    Copernicus Center Lecture November 2011
    (starts at 5:26)

  • Ben K

    Wayne —

    Although I understand that many in the field have problems with his interpretations of recent CMB radiation data, Dr. Penrose always gives very thought provoking lectures. And he is as you say master of the overhead.

    I’ve been working my way (again) through his Cycles of Time – recommended if you haven’t read it. His ideas, while unorthodox, always seem to have enough plausibility to hold your interest and engagement.

    Or maybe its simply his maverick refusal to ever accept the standard line that I admire. I could only wish that, at least occasionally, he would offer the same mathematical rigor for the mainstream audience that say Leonard Susskind routinely lectures with.

    Physicsworld article on recent claims by Dr. Penrose and his team, with link to the source arXive post.

  • Lee S

    A TED talk I just stumbled upon

    The search for dark matter — and what we’ve found so far by Risa Wechsler.
    If this is one of the formost experts on the subject, then no wonder there is at least a little controversy… She gladly skips over so many unknowns, from the big bang onwards.
    I counted 5 debatable points in the first 7 minutes.
    ( And unlike many videos on here, 1. It’s not proving my point, it’s a scientist, and I’m challenging you to find the mistakes, and 2. It’s only 15 minutes long!)

  • Kneave Riggall

    Sigh. The only dark matter is black holes. The only dark energy is the gravitational pull of those holes. “PRE”mordial black holes existed BEFORE the Big Bang and are the reason our “universe” formed galaxies so quickly. The true universe makes OUR universe a miniverse. Black holes merge, and merge, and merge, until, every septillion years or so, a “white hole” spits out enough recycled ordinary matter to form a new miniverse. Guthian inflation is the last gasp of our current ridiculously anthropocentric cosmology. One day soon, Guth and the superstringers will be on a dusty shelf with Ptolemy.

    — A pessimist.

Readers: the rules for commenting!


No registration is required. I welcome all opinions, even those that strongly criticize my commentary.


However, name-calling and obscenities will not be tolerated. First time offenders who are new to the site will be warned. Second time offenders or first time offenders who have been here awhile will be suspended for a week. After that, I will ban you. Period.


Note also that first time commenters as well as any comment with more than one link will be placed in moderation for my approval. Be patient, I will get to it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *