Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Russia to lower launch price of new Angara rocket

Capitalism in space: According to its 2019 financial report, the Russian manufacturer of that country’s new Angara rocket intends by 2024 to lower launch price from about $100 million to about $57 million.

The high cost price of the latest Angara carrier rocket before the start of its serial production is due to the need for the Khrunichev Space Center to work at two sites, the press office of the State Space Corporation Roscosmos told TASS on Monday. “Before the production process is fully moved to the site of the Polyot company in Omsk, the Khrunichev Space Center has to work at two production sites, which creates additional overhead costs,” a Roscosmos spokesman said.

As part of its trials, the Angara rocket is being produced singly instead of serially, he said. “After the serial full-cycle production is launched, the item’s cost price will decrease,” the spokesman said.

Essentially they are claiming that the cost will drop once they start full production.


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  • Jay

    So far they have only two launches of this rocket, both in 2014, one sub-orbital and one to GEO. Still one more test flight to go. The payload capacity is similar to the Falcon 9 and it is to replace the Proton-M.

    So I saw a website that is also carrying this story: There are some grammar and spelling errors, but the numbers look good. So the current price for the Angara-A5 is three times that of the Proton-M and will be one and one-half times the cost once in production.

    Just some notes on the two:
    The Proton-M uses UDMH as fuel vs. Angara with its LOX/RP-1 engines. Angara can lift more than the Proton. The Proton-M has had 109 launches with 98 successes and 11 failures.

  • Max

    Rocket technology has been developing since the 40s. You would think with all the advancement of technology, Successful rockets would become commonplace by now. Apparently it’s not so simple… It’s funny that space X makes it seem effortless in comparison. Futuristic vision of private investor, combined with tenacity and capabilities unshackled by government handcuffs. Free enterprise is awesome.

    Any clue yet as to what the Iranians put in space? It seemed to surprise everyone.

    “a small orbiting satellite with a payload of up to 50 kg (110 lbs) to low Earth orbit. “It’s military use is limited,” Rubin explains, adding that its altitude is too low to be used for communication. “It can be us only for reconnaissance, but with limited performance.”

    There’s a lot of concern that a rogue country such as this could be used as a tool. A nuclear weapon launched to take down the grid with an EMP. In theory 90% of the population could be dead before power can be restored. (that’s not including any counterattacks)
    A recent evaluation of our vulnerabilities concluded that “nine” key transformers is all it would take from a terrorist action to take down the grid and our economy as well as military installations which have become dependent on external power sources.

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