Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Saturn from above

Saturn from above.

Cool image time! The image on the right, reduced in resolution to show here, shows Saturn from above as Cassini began re-positioning itself into a higher inclination orbit for its last year of orbit dives near and inside the planet’s rings.

The view looks toward the sunlit side of the rings from about 41 degrees above the ring plane. The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on July 16, 2016 using a spectral filter which preferentially admits wavelengths of near-infrared light centered at 752 nanometers. The view was acquired at a distance of approximately 1 million miles (2 million kilometers) from Saturn. Image scale is 68 miles (110 kilometers) per pixel.


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  • Joe

    Something about gas giants in the vacuum of space just dosent work for me, the immense pressure should cause it to boil off into the ether. Beautiful just the same.

  • PeterF

    Saturn is an alien artifact! See the hexagonal structure surrounding the pole? Something that regular couldn’t possible be formed through natural processes! And it can only be seen in the near-infrared! The rings are a giant bullseye showing us the way! They are coming to probe our large breasted blonde women!

  • Four times the Earth – Moon distance and Saturn fills the frame. That’s a big planet.

  • LocalFluff

    @Blair Ivey
    Big is an understatement. Saturn is a really really big stuff thingy!
    Jupiter is a few tens of percent larger in diameter, and stars, like Proxima Centauri should not be much larger than that. More mass just increases the density, not the volume by so much. Saturn is almost as big as a non-star can get.

    The gravity of Saturn keeps the gas at bay. Basically like the Earth keeps its atmosphere, but Saturn is so massive that it manages to hold on to its hydrogen and helium gasses too. There’s kind of a tipping point between terrestrial planets that form in an area of the protostellar disk where there isn’t much gas (it having been pushed out by the Solar wind), and anyway not enough solid material (mostly water ice) to cause a heavy enough gravitational body to attract much gas. In the outer Solar system there were more ice (mass) and gas available because the Solar wind is and was gentler out there.

    That’s my perception of the traditional theory anyway. Exoplanet findings seem to challenge this.

    The hexagonal wind pattern is pretty well understood, and is observed on Earth too. It has to do with resonances and standing waves and complicated climate science. It is not a mystery. The hexagon shape comes from equilateral triangles, i.e. triangles with the same side lengths. Somehow that echoes through the atmosphere to form polar hexagons. (At least that’s what I’ve been told, maybe someone has pulled my leg, I can’t really tell)

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