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South Korea signs the Artemis Accords

On May 24 South Korea officially signed the Artemis Accords, joining nine other countries in the agreement designed as a work around of the Outer Space Treaty’s provisions in order to protect property rights in space.

By my count, that makes eight signatories, including Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates and Italy.

Essentially, the space-faring nations of the world are splitting into two groups, those who will follow these accords, and those who won’t, led by China and Russia. In a sense, we are seeing a renewal of the Cold War in space, with the western powers that believe in private enterprise and freedom aligned against those whose cultures are authoritarian and ruled from above.

Conscious Choice cover

Now available in hardback and paperback as well as ebook!


From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


All editions are available at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all book vendors, with the ebook priced at $5.99 before discount. The ebook can also be purchased direct from my ebook publisher, ebookit, in which case you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Autographed printed copies are also available at discount directly from me (hardback $24.95; paperback $14.95; Shipping cost for either: $5.00). Just email me at zimmerman @ nasw dot org.


  • Mark

    Japan listed twice. Are their countries that want to join?

  • Mark: You are right. I have corrected the post.

  • Dick Eagleson

    Ukraine also signed.

  • mkent

    In a sense, we are seeing a renewal of the Cold War in space, with the western powers that believe in private enterprise and freedom aligned against those whose cultures are authoritarian and ruled from above.

    It’s good to see UAE in the former camp. They seem to be genuinely working towards still having an economy once the oil runs out.

    Are their countries that want to join?

    Several. Brazil and New Zealand are thought to be next.

  • Mark

    The Spacenews website had an article from May 27th indicating that Brazil and New Zealand were likely the next two countries to sign the Artemis accords. Brazil last year signed a letter of intent. So opportunities for private space continue to grow around the world. I hope that Brazil can advance in smallsats. Just last week, Vaya Space announced that it will create a Brazilian subsidiary, and is now picking a location to manufacture. In New Zealand, Rocket Lab has a launch facility and there is more venture capital there going into private space, The future’s so bright, Bob gotta wear shades.

  • Pyrthroes

    By c. AD 2050 – 2125, as global demographics crater and dustmote Earth confronts cyclical, plate-tectonic induced 102-kiloyear Pleistocene glaciations due to cover 60%+ of habitable landmasses with ice-sheets two miles thick (the Holocene Interglacial ended 670 years ago, in AD 1350), quantum “telesponding” –instantaneous entanglement/superposition from A to B anywhere in the dual-dynamic cosmos’ 94-billion LY “Eternal Present” interface)– will have rendered classical action-reaction rocketry as obsolete as canal boats vs. an SR-71.

    As for neural-net AI, virtually immortal trans-human capabilities via hyperlinked, self-aware Cloud Minds will have superseded organic evolution: If hominids can’t lick our powerful creations, we’ll just join ’em. What form that takes is beyond current comprehension… but what we do know is, contemporaries’ extraordinarily self-deluded ignorance, reigning oligarchs’ antipathy to anything that smacks of noumenal reality, will go the way of Nineveh and Tyre.

    Residual populations born c. 2050 will take all this for granted. But for our benighted milieu, three generations into the greatest cultural dearth since Late Roman times, the coming century will see more changes than all four previous eras from AD 1600.

  • “The future’s so bright, Bob gotta wear shades.”

    Have the album, and the following effort (also pretty good). Appreciate the reference.

  • wayne

    Dr. Who –
    Daleks’ Invasion Earth 2150 A.D. (1966)
    [the Peter Cushing variant]

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