Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Starship update: Prototype #10 being readied for launch

Link here. Not only have the engines been installed on the tenth Starship prototype, the static fire test is set for this week, maybe as early as today. It appears they are trying to launch the next test flight before the end of February.

At landing they will now fire all three engines, in case one or more fail to light (as happened with prototype #9), and then shut down all but one immediately and let that do the landing burn. This adds redundancy and increases the odds of a successful landing.

The article also provides a detailed update on the status of future Starship and Super Heavy test articles. While #11 is being readied for launch, it appears that, based on what has been learned from #8 and #9, they are dismantling prototypes #12-14 and incorporating changes to #15, which will likely fly after #11.

One aspect of this development program struck me today. These prototypes are essentially expendable rockets. Like it did with its early expendable Falcon 9, SpaceX is using these throw-away prototypes to test ways to make them more reusable and reliable. Unlike the Falcon 9s, however, the company isn’t using these prototypes to launch payloads, at least not at this stage. It isn’t good enough that these prototypes can successfully launch. They must be able to land as well.

I suspect that once during this test program the full rocket begins to reach orbit SpaceX will add payloads, even as they continue to test re-entry and landing. The early flights might produce rockets that successfully bring satellites into space but end up getting destroyed upon return. Those loses will then be used to make later ships better and more likely to return intact.

Eventually, we will have a rocket entirely reusable and flying multiple times, just like the Falcon 9 first stage.


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  • wayne

    “It’s a Jetsons World: Private Miracles and Public Crimes”
    Jeffery Tucker 2011

    “The Jetsons’ world is our world: explosive technological advances, entrenched bourgeois culture, a culture of enterprise that is the very font of the good life. But there is one major difference, and it isn’t the flying car, which we might already have were it not for the government’s promotion of roads and the central plan that manages transportation. It is this: we also live in the midst of a gigantic leviathan state that seeks to control every aspect of our life to its smallest detail.
    The government is still Flintstones, an anachronism that operates as this massive drag on our lives. With its money manipulations, regulations, taxation, wars (on people, products, and services), prisons, and injustices, we similarly look the other way. We try to find the workaround and keep living like the Jetsons. Often times things don’t go right and the reason is the anachronism that rules us. And yet, unless we understand cause and effect in the way that the old liberal tradition explained it, we can miss the source….”

  • Diane Wilson

    Wayne, I’d rather live under government by the Flintstones than under Machiavelli’s prince (who, by the way, was probably based Cesare Borgia, with perhaps observations of Cesare’s uncle, Pope Alexander V, and Machiavelli’s own employer, the de Medici family).

  • Michael

    Elon is into so very many things. This morning I heard that he’s invested 1,5 billion in bit coin. Sometimes I wonder if he realizes the danger the government may be to his enterprise and is maneuvering to become so extensive and omnipresent that even the government cannot oppose him.

  • Ray Van Dune

    Some interesting differences between the F9 and SS systems:
    * All parts of the SS system are reusable., not just the booster as in F9.
    * The SS booster “SuperHeavy” will never be used anywhere but on Earth, since Starship can land and relaunch by itself on any other land-able solar system body without booster assistance.
    * Many Starships will not have flaps or thermal protection tile, because they will never again reenter an atmosphere (although aerobraking into orbit would require thermal protection).
    * Many Starships will not have landing gear because they will never again land on a surface., for example an asteroid mining freighter.

    I can imagine a Starship with no flaps, tiles, or landing gear that is basically a huge fuel tank parked in LEO to be used to gas up other spacecraft. Or such a ship could be sent from Earth to Mars orbit to “top up” Starships just launched from Mars’ surface for their journey to Earth or elsewhere.

  • Ref. Michael’s comment: Yes.

    And he knows the window is closing fast. You now have me thinking of the world we are likely to have in the next quarter-century, or rather, the world that will be shaping. Not exactly the one I had in mind, but a mis-spent childhood reading sci-fi actually helps here. Many alternate futures, and familiar with the historical ones. Rocks and Shoals.

  • Jeff Wright

    Super Heavy is what will change things-whether Starship can land or not.

  • Ray Van Dune remarked: “I can imagine a Starship with no flaps, tiles, or landing gear that is basically a huge fuel tank parked in LEO to be used to gas up other spacecraft.”

    That’s a truck stop. Don’t need a spaceship for that. Just some stuff to do the job,.

  • wayne

    Deep Space 9 Season 6, Episode 2
    “Rocks and Shoals”

    “We will hold this world for the Dominion, until we die….”

  • mrsizer

    I wonder if he realizes the danger the government may be to his enterprise and is maneuvering to become so extensive and omnipresent that even the government cannot oppose him.
    You mean something such as buying offshore oil platforms before getting lawfared upon by the EPA and FAA?

    As much as I hate “big tech”, I do not understand why folks such as Zuckerberg don’t tell Congress to shove it and close down their US operations. Move everything offshore. If the government tries to stop you, flood your platform with “look what your congress critter is doing to us! You’re going to lose all your friends!” propaganda.

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