Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Formula 1 Pit Stops: 1950 vs Today

An evening pause: I would say that the rules have changed a bit.

Hat tip Phill Oltmann.


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  • Thanks Phill Oltmann!

    The pit stop is one of my favorite parts of racing. A high level of teamwork in a dangerous environment. I do believe a modern F1 team could have changed the engine in the time it took the guy in 1950 to polish the windshield.

  • David Eastman

    I used to be a huge fan of Formula One, and in fact kept cable long after I’d stopped watching almost anything else just because that was the best way to watch the races. Then they started changing one rule after another in the hope of ending one team dominance and lowering costs, and accomplished neither, while making the racing vastly less interesting to watch. I haven’t followed it in years now. I seem to recall several of the rules changes made the pit stops take much longer than the amazing 2 second or less stops they were getting for a while.

  • t-dub

    The Red Bull team makes their pit stops in about 2 seconds, sometimes less! This video shows them breaking the world record in the 2019 Brazilian GP, they serviced Max Verstappen, one of my favorite drivers who just won in Monaco, on the first of his three stops in an amazing 1.82 seconds! Indy Car usually takes about 7 or 8 seconds for their pit stops. The reason for this is unlike Formula 1 pit stops where up to 20 people are involved, only six people – wearing fireproof gear – are allowed to go over the wall when an Indy car stops, and Indy car refuels their cars during the race whereas F1 fuels their cars only before the race and does not refuel during the race. I much prefer Indy Car to F1, but I watch both.

    Video Link:

  • MDN

    It is ironic you posted this just now as a technical pit stop disaster ruined a great race for one driver just this weekend in Monaco.

  • t-dub

    MDN: Yes, Valtteri Bottas was very unlucky to have that wheel nut cross threaded and stripped so it could not be removed, thus ending his race. However, since I am a Verstappen/Red Bull fan, and definitely not a Mercedes fan, this development was a pleasant surprise for me.

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