Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Cassini makes last fly-by of Titan

Cassini on April 21 made its last fly-by of Titan as the spacecraft is prepared for its final 22 orbits of Saturn.

The flyby also put Cassini on course for its dramatic last act, known as the Grand Finale. As the spacecraft passed over Titan, the moon’s gravity bent its path, reshaping the robotic probe’s orbit slightly so that instead of passing just outside Saturn’s main rings, Cassini will begin a series of 22 dives between the rings and the planet on April 26. The mission will conclude with a science-rich plunge into Saturn’s atmosphere on Sept. 15. “With this flyby we’re committed to the Grand Finale,” said Earl Maize, Cassini project manager at JPL. “The spacecraft is now on a ballistic path, so that even if we were to forgo future small course adjustments using thrusters, we would still enter Saturn’s atmosphere on Sept. 15 no matter what.”

The flyby zipped past Titan only a little more than 600 miles above its surface.


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  • Orion314

    Goodbye to a superb mission. I wish they could have done a dive thru the rings to see it close up.

  • mpthompson

    Orion314, that would have been cool. Imagine a probe that would orbit beyond the rings and then slowly lower its orbital height until it could dance among the snowballs that comprise the ring material.

  • Orion314: Read the article that I linked to. They will be making multiple dives through the rings during these final months.

  • Joe

    This is the kind of science and type of mission that NASA is good at, building giant rockets(Sls) not so much.

  • Orion314

    re: “between the rings” I read that to be through the Cassini Division , or inside the the C ring and Saturn > I thought JPL/NASA was dead set against any actual ring impact for fear of possible satellite contamination.

  • LocalFluff

    The rings, those visible with binoculars from Earth, are fantastically thin, only about 10 meters thick!
    About 3% of the rings’ volume is mass. If the spacecraft covers one square meter, a dive through the rings would hit 30 liters of ice the in the 1,000 liters (10x1x1 meters) of ring volume it would pass through. Throwing a bucket of ice on Cassini at several kilometers per second would certainly destroy it. Cassini will not get close enough to resolve any of the ring particles, they are too small from a safe distance. A close up mission to the rings would be more like a surface lander on a microgravity asteroid. Landing on the protected trailing side one of the tiny shepherd moons would be nice in order to have a close look at ring particles.

  • Orion314

    Having a mission for a lander on one of the shepherding moons would be one helluva rendezvous !

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