Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Proton launches military communications satellite

A Russian Proton rocket today successfully launched a military communications satellite into orbit.

This was the third Proton launch this year, the most since 2017. It also put Russia in the lead for most launches in 2019, the first time that country has been in first since 2015:

12 Russia
11 China
9 SpaceX
5 Europe (Arianespace)
4 India

The U.S. still leads Russia in the national rankings, 15-12.


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  • DavidK

    If the US has 15 overall but just 9 from SpaceX, who launched the other 6? Presumably ULA did most of them? It would be useful to see a breakdown of the smaller players at some point.

  • Dick Eagleson

    ULA launched a Delta IV Heavy and the last single-stick Delta IV Medium. NGIS launched an Antares-Cygnus to ISS. Rocket Lab launched three Electrons from New Zealand.

    ULA may launch three or four Atlas V’s during the rest of 2019. SpaceX has at least three more Falcon 9 launches left in 2019 for customers plus an unknown number of Starlink deployment launches for itself. NGIS has another Antares-Cygnus and a Minotaur 4 scheduled. It may also finally manage to launch a Pegasus XL with NASA’s ICON satellite but that is still uncertain. Rocket Lab has up to 13 more launches manifested for 2019, but how many of them will actually launch this year is unknown. Rocket Lab has scheduled at least one Electron launch this year from its new launch facility now under construction at Wallops Island, VA. Virgin Orbit has two LauncherOne missions scheduled to launch this year.

    The U.S. orbital or deep space launch total for 2019 seems all but certain to be at least in the high 20’s, will most likely be in the low 30’s and, if Rocket Lab really goes on a tear, could even top 40, but that seems unlikely. Still, never say never. ZimmerBob will, as usual, keep us all informed as things go along and do his usual year-end launch report in very early Jan. 2020.

  • Edward

    This is from January, summarizing orbital/deep space launches from 1980 through last year. It includes those who had few launches, and it includes Robert’s thoughts on the topic.

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