Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Private space in control

Today it was announced that SpaceX has signed an agreement with NASA’s Stennis Space Center to test a new methane engine there beginning in 2014.

This story is significant in two ways:

First, it demonstrates SpaceX’s continuing and aggressive research and development program. This company built the first new American rocket engine in decades, the Merlin engine, then immediately upgraded it. They built the first new American rocket in decades, the Falcon 9, and then immediately upgraded it. Now they are developing a new upper stage rocket engine, the Raptor engine.

Rather than resting on their laurels, SpaceX is showing us all how a successful and competitive company should operate in the open market.

Second, the story, mostly pushed by press releases out of various government offices such as the link above, illustrates how private space is now in control of our space “program.” Rather than dictate what gets built, which is what NASA had been doing for decades with relatively little to show for it, the government now builds what the private sector needs. SpaceX is developing a new engine, and it has hired NASA’s Stennis center to help them test it. Stennis desperately needs work, so they are glad to do it. And they are glad to do it as SpaceX dictates.

Nor is SpaceX the only company that has hired Stennis. See this story. Aerojet Rockdyne and Rolls Royce both have lease agreements to use Stennis. This suggests that if NASA facilities are smart, they can justify their existence and actually make money by providing services to the private sector.

We could even privatize these government facilities! What a concept.


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  • Ziv

    It is great to see Spacex going from strength to strength. Those guys are knocking down the door to get to a cheaper way to LEO.
    Or as Buzz would put it, “To Infinity! And Beyond!”

  • Mitchell

    Even a casual examination of the details shows what a great job SpaceX and private industry are doing in getting us up off of Earth. I like to do the simple “people we put in Space each year” comparison.

    NASA – 20
    Private Industry- 0

    NASA- 21
    Private Industry- 0

    2008- 28
    Private Industry- 0

    NASA- 27
    Private Industry- 0

    NASA- 19
    Private Industry- 0

    Private Industry-0

    NASA- 0
    Private Industry- 0

    NASA- 0
    Private Industry- 0

    NASA simply cannot match the consistency of private industry. Private spaceflight is the best way to go, as long as you don’t actually care about getting people into space.

  • DH

    @Mitchell: What an idiotic comparison. You could just as well list the number of people year by year flying in lighter-than-air craft versus heavier-than-air craft as of 1900 and conclude that heavier-than-air flight was hopeless. NASA has been around for 50+ years and has spent billions. SpaceX has been around for just over 10 years and has spent millions. Give them another 10 and we can revisit your comparison.

  • George Turner

    Actually DH, his chart is rather useful when you extend it into the SLS era, where NASA will launch perhaps 5 people a year or every other year, out to perhaps 2030 or 2035. So the NASA graph was relatively flat and stable at 20 to 30 people per year during the Shuttle era (with a few missed years), then fell to zero, and will rise back to 3 to 5 and stay there over the next few decades. Meanwhile, the commercial providers will pick up much of the ISS traffic and other new opportunities, so their curve will rise from zero and reach unknown heights.

  • Since NASA’s count needs to have dead astronauts accounted for–all killed by an institutional culture that politically had no reason to fear a just accounting of their murderous stupidity–and the Senate Launch System (sorry that should be NASA) has no prospect (and deserves none) of raising their numbers; and barring political intereference by the likes of you, SPACEX will certainly raise it’s numbers into the high tens and even hundreds by the end of decade…I conclude you are a Lockmart bitter ended quite aware of you own useless obsolescence.

  • Bob

    Actually, the privatization started before Obama got in office. he deserves no credit.

  • The commercial program was started during the Bush administration, albeit reluctantly. The Obama administration has had the wisdom to not only maintain it but to accelerate it. They deserve that credit, at least.

    (For those of who read my work regularly, the placing of the words “Obama administration” in close proximity with the word “wisdom” will appear shocking. Some will be thinking, “Have we entered an alternate universe?” It is no secret that I generally consider the Obama administration and this President incompetent at best, corrupt at worst. However, when it comes to private manned space and NASA, the administration has generally had the right idea.)

  • JustDon

    Mr. Zimmerman, you seem to have a more optimistic bent than I do.

    I simply think that Obama was too busy screwing up other parts of the government to put in the necessary effort to screw up the space program, too. (Alternative hypothesis: the space program was not important to him, and he believed that since it couldn’t possibly succeed without government help it would simply wither on the vine…)

  • I have written about Obama and his administration and their attitude toward space extensively. See:

    Both for and against the Obama plan

    You’ve got to play the game

    Rebuilding the American space program — the right way

    In sum, I think, like you, that Obama really has little interest in space, and essentially left it to the people in NASA, who happened luckily at that moment in time to be very pro-private space.

  • Joe

    Obama’s vision for NASA is Muslim outreach!

  • Edward

    I have to agree with DH and Robert on this one. Except that I think that at best Obama is at best incompetent, corrupt, *and* malicious (the worst is hard to describe, but it is as though he is holding us over the edge so that we are looking into the abyss, hoping that he does not drop us in). One of his few good moves was to encourage commercial space companies.

    NASA did not start from scratch, as the commercial manned-space companies are doing, building their own hardware from scratch. NASA had a fifteen-year legacy of rocketry to start with. NASA was first successful with the rockets that the Germans (Von Braun, et. al.) had already made (Explorer 1 on a Juno, and Alan Shepard on a Redstone), and later with the rockets made by the American engineers (although the Apollo Saturn rockets were also Von Braun’s).

    All four commercial manned space companies are working with a bureaucracy that NASA did not have to face in the early days, the FAA and NASA, who are doing more for astronaut safety than NASA did with Mercury. The safety rules and regulations for commercial manned space are new and are still being created, two problems that these companies have to deal with. NASA also had the resources of an entire nation to spend on its manned program, but these companies have limited budgets made up of government incentive payments and any private funds that they may raise.

    Remember, too, that these companies are trying to accomplish what only three nations on Earth have ever managed to do: put people into orbit and return them safely again. Even Europe was unable to accomplish this, though they had their Hermes program.

    Without the interference of government requirements documents and last minute changes (which contributed to a recent well-publicized failure in the online world), Orbital Sciences and SpaceX have recently demonstrated that they, too, can put payloads into space and guide them into the same orbit and location as the ISS – again, something that only governments (I think four, plus the Chinese with their own space station) have accomplished so far.

    So, Mitchel, I do not share your pessimism that private spaceflight will not get people into space – mainly because private spaceflight already HAS gotten people into space. You have forgotten about SpaceShipOne. Two different men went into suborbital space on three different occasions – something else that only nations had accomplished up to that point. Let go of your pessimism, these steely-eyed rocket men are doing great things.

    TomDPerkins, I hate to rain on your parade, but as an alumnus of Lockmart – er, we’re supposed to say Lockheed Martin – there are plenty of us at that company who cheer-on the “competition.” Every space failure diminishes space exploration and exploitation; every success encourage them.

  • I think I’m starting to remember why I stopped coming here.

    Bob, it’d be great if you could categorize your posts so people could get the space-related without the Obama bashing. I’m not saying the Obama bashing isn’t warranted, but perhaps if you had separate sections you wouldn’t scare away everyone disinterested in reading it – leaving only people like Joe here who obviously have no interest in space.

  • I don’t believe in placing my interests into little isolated ghettos. Nor do I believe people should isolate themselves from ideas they don’t like.

    The one thing everyone should know, however, is that I am always honest about my beliefs and thoughts. No spin, only straight dope. And if they can’t deal with that, then that’s their problem, not mine.

  • ken anthony

    Trent always says something worth listening to… uh, like Mr. Ed? I’m kidding Trent. This Halloween, I’ll be the horses ass.

    Robert, you have one of the best blogs going. A must stop and read.

    Truth be told, even though we’ve known about it for years now, Raptor still has me excited with the new testing going forward. Can’t wait to see what vehicle configurations they come up with.

  • I like what you believe. I don’t think Joe is representing what you believe here, and yet Joe’s message is the one I heard.

  • Joe represents himself, not me.

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