The final week of my annual February birthday month fund-raising campaign for Behind the Black has begun. I continue to be overwhelmed by the outpouring of support, including numerous donations and a surge of new subscribers willing to commit to donating anywhere from $2 to $25 per month. Wow! The numbers are too many to send out individual thank you’s, so please forgive me for thanking you all with this one announcement.


The campaign however must go on, especially because I have added more regular features to my daily workload. In addition to my daily never-ending reporting on space exploration and science, my regular launch reports, my monthly sunspot updates, the regular cool images, and the evening pauses I post each evening, I have now added a daily weekday post I have entitled "Today's blacklisted American." Its goal is not to discuss policy or politics, but to note the endless examples occurring across the United States where some jack-booted thug or thugs think it is proper and acceptable to censor, blackball, cancel, and destroy an innocent American, merely because that American has expressed or holds an opinion or is of a race or religion that is no longer considered acceptable to the dominant leftist and bigoted culture. I want to make clear to every American that a large number of your fellow citizens no longer believe in the enlightened concept of freedom of speech or the idea of treating each person by the quality of their character.


Instead, they wish to shut you up, and oppress you if you happen to disagree with them or have the wrong skin color. This evil must be exposed.


To continue to do this into the foreseeable future however I need your support. If you are one of those millions who read Behind the Black each month, please consider donating or subscribing. Regular readers can support Behind The Black with a contribution via paypal:

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Rover update: Curiosity heads downhill

Curiosity's last look across the Greenheugh Pedimont
Click for higher resolution.

[For the overall context of Curiosity’s travels, see my March 2016 post, Pinpointing Curiosity’s location in Gale Crater. For the updates in 2018 go here. For a full list of updates before February 8, 2018, go here.]

After finally reaching the top of the Greenheugh Pedimont (see both the March 4 and March 8, 2020 rover updates) and spending more than a month there, drilling one hole, getting samples, and taking a lot of photos, the Curiosity science team in the past week has finally sent the rover retreating back downhill, following the same route it used to climb uphill.

The panorama above was taken on April 10, 2020, and shows the last view looking south across that pedimont towards Mount Sharp, before that descent. As you can see, trying to traverse that terrain would have been very difficult, and probably very damaging to Curiosity’s wheels.

Curiosity's location, April 16, 2020

The long term plan is to skirt these badlands at their base, heading to the west and around them until the rover reaches the foothills at the base of Mount Sharp, seen at the base of the mountain, directly below its peak. The overview map to the right shows the original planned route in red. The yellow line shows Curiosity’s actual travels. As you can see, they took a significant detour to make this stop at the top of the Greenheugh Pedimont.

The detour was very worthwhile, however, since they will not see the top of the pedimont again for at least a year, if not more. Should something happen to Curiosity before then, this detour will have gotten them some very valuable geological data that they would not have had.

Once the rover reaches the foothills it will once again head uphill to the top of the pedimont, but this time at its edge where the going should be better. It will then head for the Gediz Vallis Channel, a canyon very reminiscent of the slot canyons of the American southwest, with smooth and scoured walls. The map shown at my March 8, 2020 Curiosity update clearly illustrates this entire route.

Damaged wheel on Curiosity
Click for full image.

Another damaged wheel on Curiosity

Just before heading downhill, the science team did another photographic survey of Curiosity’s wheels to see how they are holding up during the climb and the travels on the pedimont. I have reported on these wheel damage surveys previously (see my July 9, 2019 report). The two images on the right are from this most recent review and show what I think is probably the worst damage on two different wheels.

Unfortunately, I was unable to match either or any of the new images with past wheel images to illustrate how things have changed. Previously a comparison of old and new images would show that the damage in the new photo was generally unchanged from the earlier image, indicating that wheels are holding up well despite the breakage.

This time I was unable to do this. In looking at all the new wheel images, my impression is that there is some new damage, but not so much as to stop the rover in its travels. Nonetheless the damage seen here, especially in the second image, is worrisome. It further justifies the decision to not spend much time up on the Greenheugh pedimont, with its broken, rocky, and very rough surface.

The panorama below, taken just as the rover was reaching the pedimont top, illustrates this. Had they decided to continue there, they probably would have chewed up Curiosity’s wheels very quickly, ending the mission in short order. Instead they have returned to the smooth clay unit below, where they can move fast with few rough spots to worry about as they circle the pedimont for the base of Mount Sharp.

Panorama looking south and uphill
Click for full resolution.

Pioneer cover

From the press release: From the moment he is handed a possibility of making the first alien contact, Saunders Maxwell decides he will do it, even if doing so takes him through hell and back.

Unfortunately, that is exactly where that journey takes him.

The vision that Zimmerman paints of vibrant human colonies on the Moon, Mars, the asteroids, and beyond, indomitably fighting the harsh lifeless environment of space to build new societies, captures perfectly the emerging space race we see today.

He also captures in Pioneer the heart of the human spirit, willing to push forward no matter the odds, no matter the cost. It is that spirit that will make the exploration of the heavens possible, forever, into the never-ending future.

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at amazon, Barnes & Noble, all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit.

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