Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Bennu’s cobbled equatorial ridge

Bennu as seen by OSIRIS-REx
Click for full image.

The OSIRIS-REx science team has released a new close-up image of Bennu, this time showing the asteroid’s equatorial ridge. The image on the right is that photograph, reduced to post here.

When the image was taken, the spacecraft was positioned over Bennu’s northern hemisphere, looking southward over the asteroid’s equatorial bulge. The field of view shown is 168 ft (51.2 m) wide. For scale, the bright, rectangular rock above the dark region is 8 ft (2.4 m) wide, about the size of a long bed on a pickup truck

Like Ryugu, the scientists for OSIRIS-REx are going to be challenged in finding a location smooth enough for their touchdown sample grab. That surface reminds me of some avalanche scree slopes I’ve hike across, where you’ve got nothing but rough rocks to walk on.

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4 comments

  • Darwin Teague

    Stupid question. How do scientists determine north and south on objects like this?

  • Darwin Teague: That is not a stupid question, it is brilliant. I myself had never asked, which means I don’t really know.

    I think, based on past reading of both these asteroid missions as well as others, that they use the asteroid’s rotation to determine the locations of the poles and equator, and then pick north based on its relative location compared to the Earth. In other words, they match the asteroid’s rotation with the solar system, and have north point away in the same direction as the Earth.

    This is an educated guess however.

  • mpthompson

    Robert, if the asteroid had a retrograde rotation, would that place the north pole in the same direction as Earth’s south pole? Looking this up, I see Venus and Uranus have retrograde rotation but it’s unclear which side is designated north. This question is explored at the following URL, but with no clear answer:

    https://forum.cosmoquest.org/showthread.php?138723-Which-way-is-North-on-Venus

    Or, even a more in-depth discussion here on the same topic:

    http://esr.ibiblio.org/?p=5324

    Seems Darwin’s question is indeed a very good one.

  • Andi

    Especially since Uranus has a 98-degree tilt to its axis. That would imply that “north” is in a southerly direction compared with Earth.

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