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My February birthday fund-raising campaign for Behind the Black it now over. I sincerely and with deep gratitude thank all those who donated. Without your support I could not keep doing this, not so much because of the need for income to pay the bills, but because it tells me that there are people out there who want me to do this work. For those who did not contribute during the campaign, please consider adding your vote of support to Behind the Black, by giving either a one-time contribution or a regular subscription, in any one of the following ways:


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Rwanda and Nigeria to sign Artemis Accords

Rwanda and Nigeria have become the first two African nations to sign te Artemis Accords, bringing the number of signatories to this American-led alliance to 23.

Neither Nigerian nor Rwandan officials described in detail any plans to participate in Artemis at the signing ceremony, but at the Secure World Foundation event, a State Department official said that is not a condition for signing the Accords.

“We continue to encourage all responsible spacefaring nations to sign the Accords, and we also encourage countries that are just developing their space sector to also consider signing,” said Kristina Leszczak of the State Department’s Office of Space Affairs. “We stress that interested countries do not need to come to the table with existing space capabilities or even near-term plans to contribute to Artemis. We find this opens the conversation up to a much more diverse group.”

The full list of signatories so far: Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, Columbia, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, Poland, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, the Ukraine, and the United States.

The accords, bi-lateral agreements between each nation and the U.S., were designed during the Trump administration to emphasize the rights of private investors in space and thus do an end-around of the Outer Space Treaty. Under the Biden administration it is no longer clear if that remains the goal. The existence of a signed alliance led by the U.S. and the capitalistic west however gives the U.S. the political force to protect those rights, assuming the American government is interested in the future in doing so.

Conscious Choice cover

Now available in hardback and paperback as well as ebook!


From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


All editions are available at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all book vendors, with the ebook priced at $5.99 before discount. The ebook can also be purchased direct from my ebook publisher, ebookit, in which case you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Autographed printed copies are also available at discount directly from me (hardback $24.95; paperback $14.95; Shipping cost for either: $5.00). Just email me at zimmerman @ nasw dot org.


  • David Ross

    I’m with Andy Weir here – I’m holding out for Kenya. Its coastline is Equatorial if not precisely on the Equator (it doesn’t have to be) and there’s a lot of Indian Ocean between Kenya and the next landmass. It also seems one of the more-stable nations south of Sahara.
    With Rwanda and (more so) Nigeria, maybe this news can encourage Kenyans to sign up.

  • Ray Van Dune

    In addition to a near-equatorial east exposure, Kenya has an excellent route across open water to the south.

    Ps. Not sure if the list of Artemis Accords members is copied from somewhere else, but just FYI, “THE Ukraine” is considered a Russian empire throwback. Just plain “Ukraine” is now preferred usage in the west.

  • Ray Van Dune: As I have stated numerous times, I do not change the language at the whims of our modern elitists, just because they say so. We call the Hague, “the Hague,” and the Netherlands “the Netherlands.” No reason to change “the Ukraine” or Kiev because some State Department leftists demands it.

  • Boobah

    Yeah, I’d need some clarification on why “The Borderland” is more offensive than “Borderland,” which is what “Ukraine” supposedly translates as.

    I tend to agree that it’s the same control freak/illusion of control thing that screeches over ‘Peking,’ ‘Bombay,’ and ‘Burma,’ but has no problem with ‘Cologne,’ ‘Moscow,’ or ‘Germany.’

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