Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

The 1st image of a black hole’s magnetic field

The magnetic field lines of a black hole

Using the data from the first image of a black hole, obtained in 2019, scientists have now extracted evidence of the magnetic field lines near the event horizon, and from this produced the first image of such lines.

The image to the left, reduced to post here, shows the spiraling magnetic field lines against the bright event horizon ring.

As the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) team describes today in a pair of papers in Astrophysical Journal, the new picture uses the same data as in the original image, produced from a series of observations in 2017 of the supermassive black hole at the core of nearby galaxy M87, using the combined collecting power of eight radio observatories across the world. To extract the polarization information, the data have gone through many months of additional analysis.

The scientists also note that the orientation of the field lines might eventually help explain the jets being thrown from its poles.


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  • mrsizer

    Aren’t magnetic field lines “loops”? These seem to arc out into nowhere.

  • We’re looking at a 3D (4D?) object from a 2D perspective. That field lines are discernable is amazing.

  • Max

    Interesting. The theory’s concerning Black holes very widely. From a super dense ball, to a flat disk.
    The difference depends on how fast it is spinning?
    The interesting thing is, although “matter” such as light cannot escape a black hole, natural “forces” such as gravity and magnetism is unaffected. Noticing that the rotation of the black hole bends the toroidal magnetic field around it’s self in a curve, I wonder if the effects of the time distortion are visible in this manner from an object so far away. (Although it is spinning very fast, it is not spinning at all from our frame of reference because inside the gravitational field, time has stopped, allowing us to get a good picture of the magnetic field loops which would normally be blurred)
    The implications are considerable as it shows a kind of fiction between what we are told, and what our lying eyes tell us differently.

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