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In celebration of its tenth year in orbit, scientists running the Mars Express mission have released global mineral maps of Mars. With video.
The unique atlas comprises a series of maps showing the distribution of minerals formed in water, by volcanic activity, and by weathering to create the dust that makes Mars red. They create a global context for the dominant geological processes that sculpted the planet we see today.
Take a look at the video. It is fascinating to see where these minerals concentrate.