On Christmas Eve 1968 three Americans became the first humans to visit another world. What they did to celebrate was unexpected and profound, and will be remembered throughout all human history. Genesis: the Story of Apollo 8, Robert Zimmerman's classic history of humanity's first journey to another world, tells that story, and it is now available as both an ebook and an audiobook, both with a foreword by Valerie Anders and a new introduction by Robert Zimmerman.
The ebook is available everywhere for $5.99 (before discount) at amazon, or direct from my ebook publisher, ebookit.
The audiobook is also available at all these vendors, and is also free with a 30-day trial membership to Audible.
"Not simply about one mission, [Genesis] is also the history of America's quest for the moon... Zimmerman has done a masterful job of tying disparate events together into a solid account of one of America's greatest human triumphs." --San Antonio Express-News
In the past day we have had two space-related stories that sadly illustrate the shallowness of our modern press. Modern mainstream reporters literally know nothing of the subject they are reporting on, and expend zero effort to improve their knowledge.
First we have the story making the rounds about a Russian anti-satellite test. This BBC story,
“UK and US say Russia fired a satellite weapon in space“, is typical. It takes at face value the claims of the military bureaucracies in the United States and the United Kingdom, and makes it sound as if the Russians were doing something new and unique that no one has ever done before.
This Russian test of what the Americans say is an anti-satellite weapon is part of a pattern of recent Russian space activity. In February, the US military said that two Russian satellites manoeuvred close to an American one, and in April Moscow test-fired a ground-based satellite interceptor.
Only four countries – Russia, the US, China and India – have demonstrated an anti-satellite capability over the past decades. Anti-satellite warheads have been carried aloft by aircraft or rockets, and satellites have also been illuminated by lasers.
But Moscow is also clearly looking at using one satellite to kill another. Interest in such weapons is growing given our reliance upon satellites for a variety of purposes such as intelligence gathering, communications, navigation and early-warning. [emphasis mine]
Oh my! Moscow wants to use one satellite to kill another! The false implication is that Russia is doing something new. It is not. This is what every one of these named countries has done, with the U.S. also testing (successfully) the use of a ground-based rocket to shoot a satellite down from the sky.
In this case the Russians appear to have been testing autonomous rendezvous between two satellites (something everyone has also been doing for decades) with the added component of the release of a secondary object from one of those satellites. The claim is that this second object was a projectile that if armed could have destroyed its target.
Maybe so, but releasing a secondary object from an orbiting satellite is nether revolutionary or unprecedented. Everyone has also been doing this for decades. It is hardly cutting edge space technology.
Moreover, even if this was a real anti-satellite test (which I do think is likely), it is also not unprecedented, nor is it something we can stop. All the news articles describing this test made the assumption that this signals the increased militarization of space, a false premise so absurd it is laughable. Everyone has been using space orbiting technology for military purposes since the early 1960s, including tests of satellite targeting and destruction, and will continue to do so as long as separate nations exist. And since competing nations and cultures will always be fundamental to human nature, they aren’t going away either any time soon.
What is really happening here is that we now have a new military bureaucracy in the U.S., the Space Force, and since its formation in late December it has been making a marked effort to use the press to justify getting more money for its own projects. One of those tactics has been the repeated hyping of foreign anti-sat tests, none of which are unique or new.
An independent and educated press would understand this, and would thus give the proper context when writing its stories on this new Russian test. Sadly, our press is neither independent nor educated. They appear to be in the pocket of this new government military bureacracy.
Next we have this typical mainstream story, also from the BBC, about the new American Mars rover Perseverance: “How Perseverance will hunt for signs of past life“. Like the anti-sat test above, it takes at face value the claims of the scientists, that Perseverance’s primary goal will be searching for alien life:
The Curiosity rover, which touched down in 2012, found the lake that once filled its landing site at Gale Crater could have supported life. It also detected organic (carbon-containing) molecules that serve as life’s building blocks.
Now, the Perseverance rover will explore a similar environment with instruments designed to test for the signatures of biology. “I would say it’s the first Nasa mission since Viking to do that,” said Ken Williford, the mission’s deputy project scientist, from Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. “Viking was the search for extant life – that is, life that might be living on Mars today. Whereas the more recent Nasa approach has been to explore ancient environments because the data we have suggest that the earliest history of the planet tells us that Mars was most habitable during its first billion years.”
The problem is that Williford is distorting the truth so much he is practically lying. For neither Curiosity nor Perseverance has the search for life been the primary goal. Both instead have been designed to study the Martian environment, on all fronts, and if they should get a hint of alien life in the process, all to the good. Looking for alien life however is not either rovers’ goal.
What Williford is doing is what every project scientist tends to do when talking to ignorant reporters. He is simplifying the project’s goals to a level that the reporter can understand. The reporter knows nothing about the rover or the state of Martian science, and thus can’t even ask intelligent questions. Nor has the reporter made any real effort to learn much. Instead, the scientist spoon feeds him info, and shapes it in the manner the reporter wants. “We must be looking for aliens, right!?”
Sadly, as with the military story above, this type of reporting is typical for the mainstream press when reporting on planetary projects. They always reduce everything to one of two simple goals, looking for life or looking for water. And they do this because they really know nothing about the actual cutting edge science behind each mission and the real questions scientists are presently asking, based on what they know, at that particular moment.
For Perseverance — and Curiosity — the fundamental science question still centers on the mystery of Mars’ strange geology, which suggests strongly to our Earth eyes that liquid water once flowed on the surface, even as no scientist has yet successfully devised a scenario where liquid water was ever possible, on that surface.
Providing information that might help answer that question is the fundamental scientific goal of Perseverance. Along the way it also has the fundamental engineering goal of learning as much as possible about the Martian environment, information that is essential for planning future manned missions.
It is tragic that so many modern science reporters have no understanding of this basic science and engineering, and thus cannot cover the subject properly.
Both of these BBC stories above illustrate the same fundamental lacks in all of our modern mainstream press. First, they know very little about the subjects they are report on. Second, they make little effort to find out more. Third, they have no skepticism, and always seem to accept at face value the claims of government officials.
The political mainstream press is no different, except that in politics it is Democratic Party officials with whom the press never exhibits any skepticism, and always accepts at face value their claims.
The result is a mainstream press that does not serve the public well, in any manner, a sad reality that might explain many of our political and cultural problems today.
My July fund-raiser for Behind the Black is now over. The support from my readers was unprecedented, making this July campaign the best ever, twice over. What a marvelous way to celebrate the website's tenth anniversary!
Thank you! The number of donations in July, and continuing now at the beginning of August, is too many for me to thank you all personally. Please forgive me by accepting my thank you here, in public, on the website.
If you did not donate or subscribe in July and still wish to, note that the tip jar remains available year round.
Regular readers can support Behind The Black with a contribution via paypal:
If Paypal doesn't work for you, you can support Behind The Black directly by sending your donation by check, payable to Robert Zimmerman, to
Behind The Black
c/o Robert Zimmerman
Cortaro, AZ 85652