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France signs Artemis Accords

The U.S. State Department yesterday announced that France has become the twentieth nation to sign the Artemis Accords.

The full list of signatories so far: Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, Columbia, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, the Ukraine, and the United States.

France’s signing is a major breakthrough, as both it and Germany, major players in the European Space Agency, have appeared to resist signing on because to do so would have limited their ability to partner with Russia on space projects (Russia opposes the accords). The Ukraine War has apparently ended France’s resistance. It no longer has any partnerships with Russia, and is not likely to form any new ones in the near future.

We should expect Germany to sign on in the near future as well.

As I wrote in May, the future factions in space are now becoming clearer. On one side we have the American Alliance, signers of the accords who support private property. On the other we have Russia and China, who oppose the accords because they also oppose private property.

In May I also included a third faction, made up of non-aligned space powers. That faction now appears to be fading away, though it still includes Germany and India.

Conscious Choice cover

Now available in hardback and paperback as well as ebook!


From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


All editions are available at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all book vendors, with the ebook priced at $5.99 before discount. The ebook can also be purchased direct from my ebook publisher, ebookit, in which case you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Autographed printed copies are also available at discount directly from me (hardback $24.95; paperback $14.95; Shipping cost for either: $5.00). Just email me at zimmerman @ nasw dot org.


  • BtB’s Original Mark

    Perhaps one of the reasons France is joining Artemis is the limited launch capabilities of ESA.

    Researching BtB, I see ESA has 2 new rockets – the Ariane 6 & the Vega-C. It is doubtful that Ariane 6 will launch this year.

    According to ESA, the Vega-6 will launch July 7th & the principal payload will be LARES-2, an Italian scientific mission focused on gravitational physics & space geodesy (Earth’s geometric shape, orientation in space, and its gravity field).
    Here is the ESA Vega-C YouTube video:

  • Jay

    BtB’s Original Mark, you are correct on capabilities of ESA. Yes, they always try to make agreements with other countries using trades instead of paying money outside of Europe. They are going with a sure thing.
    Pretty much most space relations with Russia are dead and China is not to be trusted. I know from an earlier article here that India’s ISRO and ESA are talking about cooperation, but there are no formal agreements and India’s program is still young, but it shows promise in a few years.

    As Bob said, first France, then Germany, and all the other ESA members will follow. Over the years I have always noticed that India kind of sits on the fence when there are international matters or alliances.

  • Ray Van Dune

    The Artemis Accords will be one of President Trump’s most significant historical contributions, although the MSM is loath to ever mention his name in association with them.

  • Concerned

    Rat Van Dune—they really ought to be called the Trump Accords.

  • Concerned

    Sorry—Ray Van Dune. It would be nice if Bob allowed edits.

  • BtB’s Original Mark

    Ray Van Dune is spot on with the assessment that the Artemis Accords are one of President Trump’s most significant achievements.
    As an aside, although my proofreading gets worse with age, I hope never to mistakenly address you as ‘Rat VD’.
    Mark me down as another vote for future comment editing.

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