Click for full movie.
The OSIRIS-REx science team has released a short movie taken by one of the spacecraft’s navigation camera (NavCam-2) during its first landing rehearsal on April 14. The image to the right, cropped to post here, is the closest image in the sequence, and shows the relatively smooth Nightingale target landing site near the bottom of the image, approximately 50 feet in diameter.
According to the release,
NavCam 2 captures images for the spacecraft’s Natural Feature Tracking (NFT) navigation system. The NFT system allows the spacecraft to autonomously guide itself to Bennu’s surface by comparing real-time images with an onboard image catalog. As the spacecraft descends to the surface, the NFT system updates the spacecraft’s predicted point of contact depending on OSIRIS-REx’s position in relation to Bennu’s landmarks. During the sample collection event, scheduled for August, the NavCam 2 camera will continuously image Bennu’s surface so that the NFT system can update the spacecraft’s position and velocity relative to Bennu as it descends towards the targeted touchdown point.
When the image above was taken the spacecraft was at its closest point, about 213 feet above the surface. Based on this movie, it looks like the system was working, and the spacecraft was refining its aim to head towards Nightingale.
Still, the landing site is not in the center of the image, which I would think is a concern, especially because Nightingale is only one-third the size of the kind of smooth target areas they had designed the system for. (When launched they expected to see smooth areas at least 160 feet across, and designed the system for this.)
The second rehearsal is presently scheduled for June 23, and will drop OSIRIS-REx to within 82 feet of the surface.
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