Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

Sculptured lava south of Olympus Mons?

Sculptured lava?
Click for full image.

Time for a cool image! The photo to the right, rotated, cropped, and reduced to post here, was taken on September 8, 2021 by the high resolution camera on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). It shows a region of strangely sculptured terrain located several hundred miles south of Olympus Mons.

It appears the prevailing winds are to the west. The question is whether the wind is shaping a hard lava surface, over eons, or is shaping instead layers of dust or volcanic ash quickly and seasonally. At this location either is possible. In fact, we might even be seeing evidence of both at the same time.

The overview map below shows that the location is just outside the Medusae Fossae Formation, the largest volcanic ash deposit on Mars.

Overview map

The black cross south of Olympus Mons marks the location of this photo. That this region is just outside the Medusae Fossae Formation does not preclude the possibility that this spot does not have a lot of volcanic ash. Ash deposits don’t simply stop at a line, instantly. There easily could be large patches scattered about at the periphery of the Fossae Formation, with this being an example of one.

At the same time, the flanks of Olympus Mons are generally made up of vast lava flood plains. This spot could also be that, with the winds slowly carving that plain to create the features we see.

Your guess is as good as mine.


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  • Typo: “Olympus Mons” not “Olympus Mars”.

  • Michael McNeil: Thank you. Typo fixed.

  • Ray Van Dune

    Coincidentally, my grandson’s grade-school teacher also recently told his class that the biggest volcano in the solar system was “Olympus Mars”. I told him the right name. As luck would have it, the very next day she told the class she had made a mistake and asked if anyone knew the correct name, which he promptly blurted out! Grandpa is on a pretty tall pedestal at the moment!

  • Ray Van Dune: Very cool story. And great for your grandson.

    I have one question: Do you reveal your source of info (BtB) to your grandson, or do you continue to pose as all-knowing, all-wise? :)

  • Robert asked: “I have one question: Do you reveal your source of info (BtB) to your grandson, or do you continue to pose as all-knowing, all-wise? :)”

    A local hardware store ran a series of spots featuring a grandfather who would get his advice from the store, and pass it off as his own. But being a grandfather means working smarter, not harder.

  • Star Bird

    Mars The Red Planet its suppost to have Canyon bigger then the Grand Canyon

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