Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.


“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.


Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.

SpaceX launches another 49 Starlink satellites

Capitalism in space: SpaceX tonight used its Falcon 9 rocket to launch 49 Starlink satellites into orbit.

The first stage successfully landed on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean, completing its 10th flight. SpaceX now has three four first stages that have completed at least ten flights. (The correction comes from a comment by one of my readers below.)

The 2022 launch race:

3 SpaceX
1 Virgin Orbit
1 China


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  • Alton

    Watching their launches in real time NEVER gets old……..
    Was there person in Dec 1972 for the last crewed Apollo moon launch.

  • geoffc

    Core 1051 – 11 flights
    Core 1049 – 10 flights
    Core 1058 – 10 flights
    Core 1060 – 10 flights

    So yes, 3 at 10, but also one at 11. So 4 at 10 or more flights.

    1061 trails at 5 flights, and 1062 at 4 flights.

  • geoffc

    Nice infographic of all the flightworthy cores…

    Packs a lot of data into a small space.

  • Richard M

    As Eric Berger noted, this was SpaceX’s eighth rocket launch in 50 days. That’s better than a launch a week.

    Pretty amazing cadence.

  • Geoffc: Nice graphic. Indicates that SpaceX now has a fleet of 18 reliable boosters, with a number unused but ready to go if needed, and all capable of launching hundreds of times. Essentially, the company no longer needs to spend much getting a Falcon 9 ready for launch, making those launches incredibly cheap when compared to past launch costs.

  • geoffc

    Alas, they still need to make a lot of second stages, but they are smaller and simpler than first stages. But a much smaller cost than a full booster that is discarded.

    Consider… They launched 32 times last year, so while they introduced only 1 or 2 new first stages, they built 32 second stages!

    And this year is looking like more! So the factory is not idle at all, which is also good for keeping costs manageable. (Building one core every 2 years (cough SLS cough) is a recipe for cost overruns).

  • Questioner

    “Elon Musk’s Starlink Is Causing More Streaks to Appear in Space Images”

    “Photo-bombing Starlink satellites are increasingly complicating ground-based observations”

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