Conscious Choice cover

From the press release: In this ground-breaking new history of early America, historian Robert Zimmerman not only exposes the lie behind The New York Times 1619 Project that falsely claims slavery is central to the history of the United States, he also provides profound lessons about the nature of human societies, lessons important for Americans today as well as for all future settlers on Mars and elsewhere in space.

 
Conscious Choice: The origins of slavery in America and why it matters today and for our future in outer space, is a riveting page-turning story that documents how slavery slowly became pervasive in the southern British colonies of North America, colonies founded by a people and culture that not only did not allow slavery but in every way were hostile to the practice.  
Conscious Choice does more however. In telling the tragic history of the Virginia colony and the rise of slavery there, Zimmerman lays out the proper path for creating healthy societies in places like the Moon and Mars.

 

“Zimmerman’s ground-breaking history provides every future generation the basic framework for establishing new societies on other worlds. We would be wise to heed what he says.” —Robert Zubrin, founder of founder of the Mars Society.

 

Available everywhere for $3.99 (before discount) at Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and all ebook vendors, or direct from the ebook publisher, ebookit. And if you buy it from ebookit you don't support the big tech companies and I get a bigger cut much sooner.


Weird minerals discovered in simulated Titan environment

In recreating their best guess as to the conditions and environment of Saturn’s moon Titan, scientists have produced a number of weird never-before-seen minerals.

To create Titan-like conditions in the laboratory, the researchers started with a custom-built cryostat, an apparatus to keep things cold. They filled the cryostat with liquid nitrogen to bring the temperature down. They then warmed the chamber slightly, so the nitrogen turned to gas, which is mostly what Titan’s atmosphere contains. Next, they threw in what abounds on Titan, methane and ethane, as well as other carbon-containing molecules, and looked for what formed.

The first things to drop out of their Titan hydrocarbon soup were benzene crystals. Benzene is perhaps best known as a component of gasoline and is a snowflake-shaped molecule made out of a hexagonal ring of carbon atoms. But Titan benzene held a surprise: The molecules rearranged themselves and allowed ethane molecules inside, creating a co-crystal.

The researchers then discovered the acetylene and butane co-crystal, which is probably a lot more common on Titan than benzene crystals, based on what’s known about the moon’s composition, Cable said.

The scientists think that these crystals might be found on the edge of Titan’s methane lakes, encrusted there like a bathtub ring.

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4 comments

  • Alex

    Crystal growth is Very Cool !
    In this case, following the link, it seems as if the ‘co-crystal’ is interstitial and not substitutional.
    Either way, I would like to invest in this Lake Side Beach Front property.

  • Col Beausabre

    We’re have a shortage of fossil fuels? We don’t have no stinkin’ shortage, not while we have Titan! I can see ExxonGulfBPAramco sending settlers to Titan to set up the ultimate service station for space ships needing gas…or even Space Tankers headed back to Earth with a million tons or so of fuel.

    BTW, 1) Kekule claimed he was inspired by a dream of six carbon atoms holding hands and dancing to research if that was the structure of Benzene – it was, six atoms interlocked into a six sided ring 2) US Army’s Chemical Corps insignia is a Benzene Ring on Crossed Retorts https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_Corps#/media/File:Chemical_Branch_Insignia.svg
    3) A similar structure to a Benzene Ring, but using Iron atoms instead of Carbon is known to chemists as a Ferrous Wheel

  • wayne

    Q:
    What is the gravity on Titan?

    The Master of the overhead-projector, discusses crystalline symmetry—-

    “Forbidden Crystal Symmetry”
    Dr. Roger Penrose
    Oxford Mathematics- 2012
    https://youtu.be/7UZvFjXIpSk
    55:01

  • wayne

    “Aperiodic Geometry & Crystal Symmetry”
    Dr. Roger Penrose
    March 2006, Western Oregon University
    https://youtu.be/eKjZ2W7eXlo
    1:37:36

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