Volcano Eruption in Papua New Guinea

A quick holiday fund-raising campaign for Behind the Black!
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In past years I have managed to avoid asking for donations for Behind the Black during the holiday season. My finances however now compel me to do a short one-week fund-raiser, from November 11 to November 17.
I do not use Twitter for ethical reasons, which I have been told cuts down on traffic to the website. So be it. Furthermore, Facebook has clearly acted in the past two years to limit traffic to Behind the Black, almost certainly for political reasons. So be this as well. Finally, I do not post outside ads, as I have found them annoying to my readers and not that profitable to me.


Therefore, I need to ask for the direct support from my readers. If you like what I do here, please consider contributing, either by making a one-time donation or a monthly subscription, as indicated in the tip jar below.


Regular readers can support Behind The Black with a contribution via paypal:

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If Paypal doesn't work for you, you can support Behind The Black directly by sending your donation by check, payable to Robert Zimmerman, to
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Or you could consider purchasing one of my books, as indicated in the boxes scattered throughout the website. My histories of space exploration are award-winning and are aimed for the general public. All are page-turners, and all not only tell the story of the beginning of the human exploration of space, they also help explain why we are where we are today. And I also have a science fiction book available, Pioneer, which tells its own exciting story while trying to predict what life in space will be like two hundred years in the future.


Note that for this week only I am also having a sale on the purchase of the last 20 hardbacks of Leaving Earth. (Click on the link for more information about the book, which was endorsed by Arthur C. Clarke himself!) This award-winning out-of-print book is now only available as an ebook, but I still have a handful of hardbacks available, normally for sale for $70 plus $5 shipping. For this week only you can buy them, personally autographed by me, for $50 plus $5 shipping! Just send me a check, payable to Robert Zimmerman, to the address above, with a note saying that the money is for the Leaving Earth hardback.


Please consider donating. Your help will make it possible for me to continue to be an independent reporter in the field of space, science, technology, and culture.

An evening pause: I don’t know why, but somehow I think this is appropriate for election day.

Hat tip Jim Mallamace.



  • Diane Wilson

    I’d go with Kilauea. It just keeps spewing and spewing and spewing.

  • wayne

    Heavy turnout in Michigan this year– roughly 53% of registered voters showed up.

  • Kirk

    Is that video of the Europa Clipper blowing up?

    Has there been serious discussion on EC’s chances without Representative Culberson, who lost 47.7% / 52.3% to Lizzie Fletcher?

  • mkent

    Has there been serious discussion on EC’s chances without Representative Culberson, who lost 47.7% / 52.3% to Lizzie Fletcher?

    In my opinion, Europa Clipper is pretty safe. It’s the next-highest priority on the Planetary Decadal Survey after the Mars 2020 rover. It’s received a formal new-start from NASA and the Administration. Europa Lander, however, is hanging by a thread. It was really only there because of Culberson. The next-highest priority on the Decadal Survery after Clipper was a Uranus orbiter, not Europa Lander. I don’t think Lander even made the list.

    We’ll see how this all plays out in the next few months. The 2020 budget request in early February will be telling.

  • That was great! Really cool how you can see the shock wave. You know it’s going to be loud, but wow! Judging by the time lag they look to be about 2.5 miles away, which seems safe enough, but I wondered about the freighters anchored basically next to a volcano.

  • Kirk

    Thanks mkent! I was mistakenly conflating Rep. Culberson’s championing of the Europa Lander with the Europa Clipper program in whole.

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